The Center for Emergency Situations and Disaster Risk Reduction (hereinafter referred to as the Center), within the framework of a joint project with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in the Republic of Kazakhstan, conducted a final training on creating a drought response system based on drought monitoring and forecasting, based on the Center.
The training was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Akimat of cities and regions, the Department of Emergency Situations of cities and regions, RSE "Kazhydromet" and branches of cities and regions, RSE "Kazvodkhoz", the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs RK “Atameken” and other interested parties. The number of participants in the training exceeded 50 people.
The training participants were presented with the final developed documents on the creation of a drought response system based on drought monitoring and forecasting, finalized taking into account the proposals received from stakeholders during the previous two trainings held in Kokshetau and Astana:
1) Draft Interdepartmental Scheme with regulations for work on responding to droughts;
2) Draft territorial plans for drought response on the example of Akmola region (district, region, republic);
3) Draft a new format for the drought bulletin, taking into account the requirements of the consumer;
4) Key recommendations for drought mitigation and drought response preparedness in the Republic of Kazakhstan, based on best experience and practice;
5) Draft methodology for combining the results of agrometeorological forecasting;
6) Report with criteria for drought detection and differentiation of droughts by degree for various agro-climatic zones and types of data (terrestrial and satellite).
The conducted training and developed draft documents will enhance the country's capacity in forecasting and responding to droughts.
The work provides for strengthening the capabilities of the RSE "Kazhydromet" to improve the efficiency of agrometeorological monitoring and forecasting based on the development of integrated forecasting, the new design of the drought forecast bulletin, taking into account the needs and specifics of the main consumers, will not only provide information, but also understand and easily interpret for taking appropriate measures. In terms of drought response, a coordination mechanism for drought response at the national level and a Drought Response Plan based on a pilot region were developed with the development of model recommendations for dissemination and use by other regions of Kazakhstan.
It should be noted that Japan acted as the major partner of UNDP at the next stage of the implementation of the global initiative "Climate Promise: from Promise to Action". As part of the implementation, the government of Japan provided funds to Kazakhstan to fulfill national climate commitments. The UNDP Climate Promise program is the largest global initiative to support Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), covering more than 120 countries and territories, representing 80% of all developing countries in the world, to enhance and implement their NDCs within the Paris Agreement. Offered in collaboration with a wide range of partners, it is the world's largest offering of support to increase climate commitments and implement the Paris Agreement.